But what happens next remains a problem. Although on March 18, 2020, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan was temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus outbreak, U.S. forces have already begun to leave the country. Some in the United States question the terms of the agreement and even call it a surrender document. Faced with the weakness of the Kabul government and the U.S. branch that has supported your troops, some would say that they support the Kabul government, others fear that the Taliban will wait for American troops to leave and invade Kabul, as they did in 1995. If that happens, the 20 years of war and the loss of nearly 2,500 American lives will have nothing to do. However, the United States has been increasingly frustrated and the remaining prisoners were released last week, while plans have been drawn up to send the seven people linked to attacks on foreign troops to Qatar, where they are being monitored. The hope is that a political solution could help reduce the likelihood that Afghanistan will become a safe haven for terrorists as soon as the United States withdraws its troops. But peace talks, known as Na-Afghan negotiations, have a difficult path to success. In addition to fundamental differences over the nature of post-peace government and women`s rights, the challenge will be whether it is possible to reach agreement on a lasting ceasefire until political progress is made.
Because the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its failure to participate in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen. Between April 29 and May 3, 2019, the Afghan government organized a four-day Loya-Jirga to discuss peace talks. The Taliban were invited, but they were not present.  Later in May, a third meeting was held in Moscow between a Taliban delegation and a group of Afghan politicians. In August 2019, an eighth round of talks between the United States and the Taliban took place in Qatar.  The Washington Post reported that the United States was on the verge of a peace agreement with the Taliban and was preparing to withdraw 5,000 troops from Afghanistan.  In September, Khalilzad said that the United States and the Taliban had reached an agreement until Trump`s approval. However, less than a week later, Trump canceled peace talks in response to an attack in Kabul that killed an American soldier and 11 others.  After the failure of talks with the United States, the Taliban sent a delegation to Russia to discuss the prospects of withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan.  On September 18, 2019, the Taliban declared that if Trump decided to resume peace talks in the future, their “open doors” would be open.  According to the United Nations, the 19-year war has claimed the lives of at least 35,000 civilians, most of them inflicted by anti-government groups, particularly the Taliban.
Meanwhile, the number of American troops is already being reduced. Under the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, all U.S. forces will withdraw by May 2021, when the Taliban will honour their commitments to Al Qaeda and begin talks with the government. In other words, withdrawal does not depend on an agreement between the Afghan government and the Taliban. The four-part agreement between the United States and the Taliban involved the United States.