5.8.1 In order to maintain a coherent approach that preserves the unity and independence of the movement, a national society wishing to conclude a cooperation agreement with a special UN agency keeps the Federation and/or ICRC informed. The crisis in Sierra Leone has tested the agreement and commitment of the various parties involved in the Red Cross and Red Crescent. This was an uncomfortable experience and threatened the credibility of the operation. The losers are said to have been the victims of the conflict in Sierra Leone. But the solutions arrived and the Seville agreement cleared its first serious hurdle. The movement currently has little pressure to update the Seville agreement. So far, it has been flexible enough to deal with most situations. The movement also adopted a comprehensive strategy in 2001 that strengthens the spirit of Seville. 5.5.2 Subject to the agreement of donors who have contributed to the financing of international aid that is coming to an end, the resources and logistical and material resources made available on the ground, provided they are in line with the objectives of the new operation, will be made available to the lead agency, which will now be responsible for its general direction and coordination. 5.3. In agreement with the host company (if not the lead agency), the Federation Agency is responsible for negotiating changes or changes to established mechanisms and agreements.
The operation in the Balkans, in particular, showed that the commitment and motivation of staff from all parts of the movement could lead to the agreement working even when there were problems with systems, working practices between the ICRC and the Federation and, on a few occasions, getting national societies to work within the Seville structure. The agreement should not be seen as a mere division of labour. It was a major shift towards more integrated and structured cooperation. It took a radical change in both attitudes and practices. 9.3.2 National societies disseminate and assist their governments in disseminating international humanitarian law. They also work with their governments to ensure respect for international humanitarian law and protect the red cross and red crescent emblems. 6.4. The body that plays the role of the pen agency in the country of intervention is responsible for the definition and implementation of the issues, with proposals to resolve them on the ground.